Associate Professor at the Chair of Archaeology and Anthropology of YSU Faculty of History, researcher at NAS RA Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Mkhitar Gabriyelyan introduced the results of the research “Woman engaged in farming: economic activities, social and family status”.
The research focuses on rural women’s status, economic activities and their transformation problems in the period of more than two decades.
“In spite of the common approaches according to which the major part of the changes and transformations is due to economic difficulties and challenges, the problem is a systemic one, conditioned with complex political, economic, social and cultural factors,”- said study author.
According to the ethnographic materials, collected in hundreds of settlements of our republic, woman’s status and social mobility factors are essential in rural environment.
The ethnographer focused on the formula, pointed out from the research that, “previously woman used to work, and now she is suffering” and then added: “This shows there has been a decline in the status of women and her social mobility opportunities have been sharply limited, as a result woman actually does not have any status in community and social relations.”
He also noted that some progress has been recorded, but it is not enough to change the situation and ensure positive developments. “We should include such measures, where the issue will be systematic itself, and relevant solutions will be offered at this level.”
The research has been conducted in the framework of a Small Grant Program of the Centre for Leadership and Gender Studies.